The resort will have 150 suites, 130 for dogs and the remainder for cats. The largest, the 9-by-12-foot “Top Dog Suite,” will contain a full-size bed and a 32-inch flat-screen TV. Owners will be able to keep tabs on their pets via a 24-hour webcam.
Paradise 4 Paws will offer massages and nail treatments, along with a bone-shaped splashing pool for dogs. Rates will range from $35 to $125 a night, depending on the size of the accommodations and type of pet.
For jet-setting horses, a 5,000-square-foot, 23-stall export center opened in January. Its luxurious stalls have nonslip flooring and high-end hay for animals to eat and bed down on.
A 20,000-square-foot equine import and quarantine center, with 48 stalls, will open by June. It will serve racing, polo, sport and show horses being imported into the United States. Special vehicles will transport the horses directly from jet stalls to the center, and Olympic grooms will be able to exercise the horses there.
Birds — from tropical species and penguins to gulls — will find lodging in a 5,000-square-foot aviary that will serve both individual and commercial bird shippers.
The Ark, which cost $65 million to build, will not be all dog massages and conciergelike hotel services. It will also have a veterinary hospital and perform federally required quarantines and disease prevention.
Horses, birds and some other animals that enter the United States must be quarantined three to 30 days so their health can be monitored and any medical conditions treated before they are admitted. (In many cases, dogs and cats do not need to be quarantined if they have the proper certificates.) Sloths, for example, are highly regulated by the Department of Agriculture and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and will be provided a safe, warm environment while quarantined.
If medical conditions are not resolved, the animals cannot enter the country. The Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine is overseeing quarantining and other kinds of disease prevention for horses and birds at the Ark.
The Ark owns its 178,000-square-foot building, once occupied by Airborne Express, and subleases the surrounding 14.4 acres from the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, which operates J.F.K. (Worldwide Freight Services rents the remaining space.) The building is a seven- or eight-minute ride from the airport’s passenger terminals.
The Ark was developed by John J. Cuticelli Jr., who serves as its chief executive. It is a subsidiary of Racebrook, a New York-based real estate private equity firm that Mr. Cuticelli has run since 2004. He and his wife and business partner, Elizabeth A. Schuette, the managing director of the Ark, also own the Cornell Ruffian Equine Specialists hospital in Elmont, N.Y., next to Belmont Racetrack.
In addition to receiving input from the Cornell veterinary school, Mr. Cuticelli worked on the Ark with Gensler, the architecture firm that designed Terminals 4 and 5 at J.F.K. He also consulted with Temple Grandin, a designer of livestock handling facilities and professor of animal science at Colorado State University, and Lachlan Oldaker, an equine architect. Holt Construction is the Ark’s general contractor and construction management company.
Derek Huntington, managing director of Capital Pet Movers and president of the International Pet and Animal Transportation Association, said the Ark was the only major United States airport facility dedicated to handling inbound and outbound pets. Mr. Cuticelli conferred with Mr. Huntington while planning the Pet Oasis.
The association estimates that two million pets and other live animals are transported by air annually in the United States. The figure rises to over four million worldwide.
Outside the United States, Lufthansa has operated a 43,000-square-foot “Animal Lounge” at the airline’s hub airport in Frankfurt since 2008. Far older is the Heathrow Animal Reception Center, operated by the City of London since 1977.
Typical airline passengers traveling with pets will not be required to use the Ark. At less expense, they can still arrange for their pets’ transport on their own, by flying them in cargo or in some cases in the airplane cabin of their flight.
Daphna Nachminovitch, senior vice president for cruelty investigations for People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, said flying animals in cargo always involved risks no matter who was handling the transportation.
“If you are traveling with an animal companion, the safest way to do that is to have the animal travel with you in the cabin, under the seat, if the animal fits,” she said. “We strongly recommend against flying an animal in cargo. We’ve seen so many things go wrong, so many animals lost forever, injured or killed.”
“If the animal is too large,” Ms. Nachminovitch continued, “drive if you can, get someone else you trust to drive, see if Amtrak will allow the animal as they sometimes do, or, if you have the funds, rent a private plane.”
The Ark advises that all animals be microchipped and registered, said Ms. Schuette, the Ark’s managing director. She added that microchipping ensured animals’ safety while in transit and at home.
Pet Oasis maintains communication with the airline or cargo handler transporting an animal to ensure that the airline information affixed on the outside of the animal’s crate matches all information it receives from its owner, she said.
Ms. Nachminovitch said: “If someone has the money to spend on something like the Ark that makes for a safer trip, we are all for it. It’s expensive to look after an animal properly and an obligation to safeguard them and assure they are not traumatized or in discomfort.”